## COMMON TERMS AND DEFINITIONS
). Also, any two unlike-charged particles which are in the same rest frame will have parallel motion vectors but will constitute antiparallel current elements and will exhibit repulsive interaction (see General Case).General Case
any strongly interacting fermion, as a proton or neutron. So, any of the elementary particles having a mass equal to or greater than that of a proton and that participate in strong interactions; a hadron with a baryon number of +1
are greater than the interparticle distances.common de Broglie wavelengths
h= Planck's Constant, m= mass, and v=velocity. Thus, two interacting particles each have a de Broglie wavelength which is specific only to that relationship. In a universe of n particles, a single particle has n-1 de Broglie wavelengths. Since we're concentrating on a specific relationship then we can arbitrarily distribute the absolute velocity between the two particles (inversely proportional to their mass) into parts to arrive at the single unique solution of a so as to also satisfy Newton's Third Law of Motion which requires that they have equal momentum.common de Broglie wavelength
SKYBOLT reactor system oscillates between two flux loop modes, the E-loop mode and the H-loop mode. As the primary flux loop oscillates between modes it periodically enters the H-loop mode where the structure displays the characteristics of an electric dipole structure. At the inner equator the structure can make quatum scale loops or micro scale flux loop structures which are quantum scale copies of the larger loop structure. Those quantum scale duplicates are, in fact, neutrons. Typically the neutron generation occurs at the greatest rate along the poloidal axis at the inner equator; the resultant neutron flux is utilized to enhance (by the contribution of neutrons) reactions catalyzed in the core. This process has been unrecognized in the mainstream physics community despite extensive experimental evidence of the generation of large bursts of neutrons during numerous plasma pinch experiments. Return to Features^{TM}
(E flux loop mode). These are generated by a process the effect of which is the same as if there had been a ^{π}/_{2} radian radian rotation of the magnetic flux density vector of an ordinary macro scale closed magnetic flux loop system around the axis of the Poynting vector which is everywhere a normal to a flux loop quasi-surface. Such loops originate from the primary flux loop system of the Sun itself which has been perturbed so that there is a Poynting vector density change along a small section of the primary flux loop system. Such perturbations generally occur while the Sun is either in the H-flux loop mode or changing back to an E-flux loop mode. These relatively stable large scale structures can mass billions of tons of matter {protons and electrons mostly} and can propagate from the sun to the earth at over 600 miles per second, and can contain enough energy to boil away the Mediterranean Sea (or many seas the size of the Caspian Sea) if sufficiently focused. CME's can wreak havoc with low Earth orbit satellites (typically belonging to the U.S. intelligence community) by causing the Earth's magnetic field to rapidly expand. This causes the atmosphere to expand slightly and can cause such satellites to encounter atmosphere such that they may begin to experience orbit decay by a reduction in their velocity. Advance warning of CME's is important to the satellite owners so that they can have an opportunity to boost them to higher orbits. CME's can also effect other satellites. The AT&T 401 Telstar was knocked out of commission by a CME in January of 1997. The interaction of a CME with the Earth's magnetic field can cause the magnetic field to change rapidly and generate ground currents which can trip overload relays across entire power grids.
^{2} Later work indicated that for a fixed charge separation, the force was also directly proportional to the product of the two charges, pq. Thus F is proportional to pq/r^{2}.Like charges give a positive F, or an outwardly directed force of repulsion; unlike charges yield a negative F, or an inwardly directed force of attraction. In SI (Systeme International) units, Coulomb's law can be written F = pq/(p)(e)r However, common de Broglie wavelength which is less than the interparticle distance. See "General Case"
The change in the direction of the primary flux density vector around the axis of the Poynting vector density change where the P
generalized as a discrete velocity potential the nature of charge and gravity is immediately revealed. In a universe of n particles the unit charge takes on a new type of metric as it is defined as exactly n-1 velocity potentials of either a sink or source nature. A velocity potential mapped exactly onto its binary conjugate is a primitive null line and in a universe of n particles the unit gravitational 'charge' is composed of n-1 sink potentials mapped exactly onto their binary conjugates of n-1 source potentials so that the fundamental gravitational charge is n-1 velocity potential null lines which are associated with a primitive flux loop system (electromagnetotoroid).
EMT) Refers specifically to a Magnetic or Electric Flux loop system. Archetype. An electromagnetotoroid is a large or small scale singularity / primitive flux loop system.
.Pauli exclusion principle
special case subsumed under a General Case which describes the interaction of charged particles under all dynamic interaction possibilities and which contains four simple parts:1) "If 2) "If 3) "If 4) "If Parts three and four correspond to behavior which one would expect with respect to Coulomb's Law but they are subsumed under the 'general case'. What is meant by a 'common' de Broglie wavelength? The de Broglie wavelength, λ, of a particle is defined as: λ=h/mv and then two interacting particles have de Broglie wavelengths which are specific only to that relationship. In a universe of Newton's Third Law - Gary S. Settles wrote the following for Grolier's Encyclopedia:
But Newton's third law of motion, as articulated above, could be erroneously argued to contain the implied idea that two particles which have relative motion don't really have equal and opposite momenta until they interact in some local and physical fashion (such as an elastic collision). But the fact is that each particle already has an equal and opposite momentum with respect to So this is just a simple way to define whether or not two particles had (or have) a common rest frame or are occupying a common momentum space. The classical derivation is straightforward as we consider two particles that are in the same rest frame. With respect to any third particle in the universe which has motion with respect to them they will have equal and parallel velocities. Now we know that the force between parallel current carrying conductors is given by: where q/t and l = length of parallel conductors in meters (or v*t for particles), K= 10e= distance between the conductors in meters ^{-7} nt/amp^{2} RF= newtonsIf the currents are antiparallel (moving in exact opposite directions) to one another then the force is repulsive. And we know that there is no force between them (other than gravity) when they are not carrying a current so that the implication is that the relative motion of the charges is related to the force between them. This follows from the idea is that a charge in motion is the simplest definition of a current and that a charged particle in motion is really a microcurrent element. So it is that any two like charged fundamental particles which are in the same rest frame (recall that they have parallel velocities with respect to any third particle in the universe which has motion with respect to them) are really two parallel current elements and so will be attractively interactive. If those two particles are oppositely charged they still will have parallel velocities but they will be antiparallel current elements and according to the equation would repel one another. Any two particles which have relative motion already have antiparallel trajectories. Remember, at the quantum or discrete particle level a particle doesn't have a single discrete velocity with respect to an ensemble of particles but has rather a multiplicity of velocities. In a universe of
momentum and position, are non commuting in principle according to accepted quantum theory. But most people lack a comprehension of why this should be true. Viewed from the context of this new and apocalyptic physics perhaps we can illustrate the foundational principles. In a universe of n particles each particle is traversing n-1 trajectories or one with respect to each and every other particle in the universe. So its motion(s) are highly nonlocal. In Schrödinger's equation the potentials play a role which is analogous to the index of refration in optics. This really means that the potentials are the media of propagation and they are in precise identity with velocity potentials (called potentials when they are nonlocal). A particle is always traversing n-1 trajectories, exactly, and consequently has only a single and discrete momentum state with respect to some other discrete and real particle. The act of choosing, out of n-1 possible momentum states, a single state, is an act of localization itself but a momentum state is a discrete relationship between two particles not a relationship between an ensemble of particles and a single particle. The idea of 'position' is, however, just the opposite. Momentum is a vector quantity which is assigned to a particle which will always be equal and opposite to that which it is juxtaposed or compared with respect to. Two particles have relative motion which can only be expressed in terms of the rate of change in the one dimensional relationship which exists between them. Particles obtain a quality of three dimensionality (from which the concept of position emerges) only when the perceiver consists of multiple points of perception and imposes the integration of those multiple (and simultaneous) viewpoints (for each of which there a single or discrete momentum relationship) with respect to the particle in question. So, in fact, the very idea or concept of position requires the existence of a multiplicity of momentum states for a single particle and their simultaneous perception and intellectual integration.
A may have a direct velocity with respect to particle B but that relationship is only between particle localA and particle B but is not local to some third particle. (also see Nonlocal)
EMT) is the underlying structure which generates the dipole field which is the essence of the what is commonly referred to as a magnetosphere. The 'sphere' part of the word refers not to a geometric sphere but rather to a sphere (or region) of influence.
. The momentum of a photon, however, is given as p = mv where p = hv/c is Plank's constant, h = frequency and v = velocity of light.c
magnetic monopole. Thought to be a hypothetical heavy subatomic particle with an isolated magnetic north or south pole. But the question of whether or not magnetic monopoles exist has a certain amount of intellectual baggage that goes along with it that needs to be corrected. Some might phrase the question to include a statement of belief that is, itself, incorrect. One might say: "Do magnetic monopoles exist like electric monopoles exist?" Clearly, there is a belief that electric monopoles exist in isolation and that people consider that individual or discrete elementary charged particles are examples of electric monopoles. Let's clear up a misconception, the existence of which, is the cause that one might ask about magnetic monopoles in the first place. Electric monopoles, in fact, do not exist in isolation. In other words, every charged particle, to exist, has to have its correlated charge conjugate mate. A charged particle's conjugate mate does not have to be anywhere near it but the fact that they are correlatively linked or that elementary charged particles must exist in correlated pairs implies that they do not actually exist in isolation.
^{π}/_{2} radian rotation of the electric flux density vector, D, across a micro domain cross section.
A may have a direct velocity with respect to particle B but that relationship is only between particle localA and particle B and is to some third particle nonlocalC. A will have a local relationship with C, and B will have local relationship with C, but the A-C relationship is nonlocal to B and the A-B relationship is nonlocal to C. In a universe of n particles each particle has n-1 momentum states each of which is indicative of a single local relationship between a given particle and some one other given particle. Each particle has but only one local relationship with each and every other particle in the universe. Since a given particle A has n-1 relationships but only one local relationship with B then A has n-2 relationships which exist but which are nonlocal to B. Since with respect to B there are n-1 other particles each of which have n-2 dynamic or momentum relationships which are nonlocal to B this implies that there are (n-1)*(n-2) = n dynamic relationships in the universe which are nonlocal to ^{2}-3n+2B. For relatively small values of n this represents more than 99.9999% of the dynamics of the universe. Any nonlocal relationship is expressed as a potential velocity or velocity potential (since it is not manifested as a velocity in the local frame).
which is equal to or greater than the interparticle distance.'common de Broglie wavelength'
boson) that is its own antiparticle and that has zero rest mass and charge and an experimentally measured spin of one. The propagation of a photon (retarded wave EM quanta) requires the presence of its time reversed conjugate (advanced wave EM quanta) which must propagate backwards through time from the target. Photons propagate along discrete trajectories known as vector potentials which are discrete velocity potentials that exist between all particles in the universe. But the fact that photons (notably gamma ray photons) can be decomposed to two charge conjugate particles implies that they produce a time gradient field and this directly implies that ordinary electromagnetic radiation, is, in fact, gravitational radiation.
^{-34} joule second Symbol: [1905-10; after M. K. E. PLANCK]h.
, divided by h2*pi. However, can be properly interpreted as the orientation of the curl function of the electric flux density vector of any charged particle.spin
-for a comparison of the superconduction state with that of the Archetype. The generation of a boson which is equivalent in structure to the Archetype implies that one of the pair of electrons has inverted its potential gradient (became equivalent to an electron-hole) so that a time dilation field is produced. This structure's influence upon surrounding electrons induces them to become attractively interactive with each other and the original structure. This produces a cascading effect until all the available conduction electrons are swept up into a unit field and have lost their discreteness to this super bosonic state. Type II superconductors appear to limit the spread of the bosonic structure and so produce discrete domains of bosons which appear as magnetic vortices.Archetype Particle
The surfaces composed of these velocity potentials, because they (the
velocity potentials themselves) are discrete relationships between a finite
number of particles, are not truly continuous in the sense of being infinitely
differentiable. Nevertheless, the proximity of two particles to the source
of a time dilation field is inversely related to the magnitude of their
common de Broglie wavelength (λ
n-1 sink type or source type vector potentials (in a universe
of n particles) collected as normals to a magnetic or electric flux
loop toroidal surface and which terminate to a toroidal axis. Hence an instance
of the unit charge. A neutral vortex particle (see Neutron)
would consist of both sides of such a toroidal surface which have a common
electric flux density vector and which have a common poloidal and a common
toroidal axis. |